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lunes, 8 de agosto de 2011

International Convention on Ship Recycling

A new International Convention on the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships was adopted during a diplomatic conference of member states of the International Maritime Organization, held from 11 to 15 May (2009) in Hong Kong, China. The Convention is aimed at ensuring that the recycling of ships reaching the end of their operational lives does not present a risk for the occupational safety of the workers and the environment.
The Regulations of the Convention provide requirements for the design, structure, operation and maintenance of ships, the development of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials for new and existing ships, the preparation of a ship before her last voyage to the recycling facility and the issue of Compliance Certificates by the Flag State or the Recognized Organizations after the conduct of surveys.
Each ship will be provided with an Inventory of Hazardous in which the kind, location and the quantity of these materials in her structural web and equipment is recorded. Because of the difficulties encountered with regard to the development of the inventory for the existing ships, a mandatory survey and sampling plan shall be prepared and implement aiming at the best possible identification of hazardous materials.
Recycling facilities should ensure that all hazardous materials from a ship, are identified, properly packaged and removed prior to cutting by properly trained personnel to enable their subsequent safe and environmentally sound disposal. Particular emphasis is given by the Convention to materials containing heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium, flammable and toxic coating, asbestos containing materials, polychlorinated biphenyls in shipboard transformers and ozone depleting substances in fire fighting and cooling systems.
The Convention applies to ships engaged in international voyages as well ship recycling facilities and will enter into force 24 months following its ratification from at least 15 states representing 40% of the world fleet tonnage and the combined annual ship recycling volume of these states for the last 10 years constitutes not less than 3% of their total fleet tonnage.

Guillermo Parra Avello

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